What is a VVM report?

The Danish "Vurdering af Virkninger på Miljøet" (VVM) stands for Environmental Impact Assessment. A VVM report is prepared in order to identify and assess environmental impacts and consequences that can be expected in connection with a construction project. It also considers how any negative impacts on the environment can be avoided or reduced.   

The VVM consultation regarding the construction of a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt (coast-coast) will be undertaken by the Ministry of Transport and will take place from 28 June 2013 to 20 September 2013. The Ministry of Transport will hold a public meeting on 29 August 2013 in Rødbyhavn.     

This website contains the Danish VVM and all the documents used as background reports for the VVM. 

VVM supplement

VVM supplement

Femern A/S prepared an EIA supplement in which the latest project changes are described and evaluated in relation to the EIA Directive. The EIA Supplement provides the opportunity to enter into consultation with the public about the updated project before its expected adoption under the Construction Act.

  • Number of pages: 106
  • Size: 59.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Background reports for the VVM supplement

Lolland reclamation lagoons, water quality and flushing

Report No. E2TR0030. June 2013.

FEMA-FEHY (2013)

  • Number of pages: 69
  • Size: 4.4 MB
  • Language: English

Lolland reclamation lagoons, flushing and water quality for new layout of the Pocket Beach Lagoon and Canal

Report No. E2TR0045. February 2014.

FEMA-FEHY (2014)

  • Number of pages: 38
  • Size: 2.4 MB
  • Language: English

Environment Screening Færgevej

RAT

  • Number of pages: 11
  • Size: 0.67 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Færgevej East

RAT

  • Number of pages: 11
  • Size: 0.6 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Færgevej West

RAT

  • Number of pages: 17
  • Size: 1.34 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Diverted Færgevej

RAT

  • Number of pages: 12
  • Size: 0.9 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Diverted Strandholdsvej

RAT

  • Number of pages: 11
  • Size: 0.6 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Gl. Badevej

RAT

  • Number of pages: 13
  • Size: 1.05 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Accommodation Facilities

Mette West-Petersen og Ole Michaelsen, consultants for Femern A/S

  • Number of pages: 8
  • Size: 0.56 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Office Facilities

RAT

  • Number of pages: 7
  • Size: 0.5 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Northern Cable Corridor

RAT

  • Number of pages: 10
  • Size: 0.39 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Southern Cable Corridor

RAT

  • Number of pages: 11
  • Size: 0.68 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Emergency Route

RAT

  • Number of pages: 11
  • Size: 0.84 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Pumping Station

RAT

  • Number of pages: 12
  • Size: 0.55 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Supplementary Main Water Supply

RAT

  • Number of pages: 10
  • Size: 0.78 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environment Screening Exhibition Centre

FEIA c/o Seacon

  • Number of pages: 15
  • Size: 1.55 MB
  • Language: Danish

Establishing Fauna Passages and Impact on Natural Interests

Doc. no. 01-05-01_L017-rev001

Seacon, 2014

  • Number of pages: 2
  • Size: 0.48 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environmental Assessment - Changing the Course of the Road and Impact on Natural Interests

Doc. no. 01-05-01_L015-rev001

Seacon, 2014

  • Number of pages: 6
  • Size: 0.9 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environmental Assessment – Establishing Strandholm Sø

Doc.no. 01-05-01_L014-rev001

Seacon, 2014

  • Number of pages: 21
  • Size: 0.84 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environmental Assessment of Access Roads and Car Parks in Reclamation Area West

Doc. no. 01-05-01_L019-rev001

Seacon, 2014

  • Number of pages: 17
  • Size: 1.96 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environmental Assessment of Lightning Arresters at Transformer Station East of the Alignment

Doc. no. 01-05-01_L020-rev001

Seacon, 2014

  • Number of pages: 6
  • Size: 0.92 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environmental Assessment for Construction of Pumping Station

Doc. no. 01-05-01_L018-rev001

Seacon, 2014

  • Number of pages: 4
  • Size: 0.3 MB
  • Language: Danish

Expansion of Retention Basins and Impacts on Natural Interests

Doc. no. 01-05-01_L021-rev001

Seacon, 2014

  • Number of pages: 3
  • Size: 0.54 MB
  • Language: Danish

Environmental assessment of establishing depot area and extended working area east of Gl. Badevej

Doc. no. 01-05-03-L009-rev0

FEIA c/o Seacon

  • Number of pages: 13
  • Size: 1.67 MB
  • Language: Danish

Summary report

The report is a non-technical summary of the EIA report and includes a summary description of the construction project. It includes the expected impacts on the environment.

  • Number of pages: 192
  • Size: 76.3 MB
  • Language: Danish

The Danish VVM report

The VVM report describes all the relevant environmental issues and evaluates how any negative impacts on the environment can be avoided or reduced. The report forms the basis for a public consultation in Denmark.

Chapter 1: Introduction

This describes the background to the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link, the treaty that forms the background to the project and the approval processes in Denmark and Germany. The chapter concludes with a reading list.

  • Number of pages: 18
  • Size: 0.9 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 2: Legal framework

This describes the laws and regulations that govern the basis for implementation of the project.

  • Number of pages: 5
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 3: Traffic and Road Safety

This describes the traffic forecast for the environmental assessment and financial calcula-tions respectively as well as an analysis of road safety on the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link mo-torway.

  • Number of pages: 21
  • Size: 1.7 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 4: Immersed tunnel – Description of the technical solution

This describes the tunnel design, alignment, permanent facilities on land, new land areas as well as temporary facilities and construction works.

  • Number of pages: 78
  • Size: 7.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 5: Alternative solutions

This firstly describes the 0-alternative – ie the absence of a fixed link – then the alternative solutions for the project for an immersed tunnel; and finally the other investigated technical solutions, ie cable-stayed bridge, bored tunnel and suspension bridge.

  • Number of pages: 73
  • Size: 5.6 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 6: Land requirements and expropriation

This describes the project's temporary and permanent area requirements on Lolland, Fehmarn and the marine area.

  • Number of pages: 15
  • Size: 0.9 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 7: Construction costs

This describes the project's finances. It includes an estimate of the expected capital ex-penditures, operating and maintenance costs, reinvestment and the expected repayment period.

  • Number of pages: 4
  • Size: 0.08 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 8: Maritime traffic

This describes the current conditions for maritime traffic in the Fehmarnbelt. It includes the expected impact of the project on navigation in the Fehmarnbelt and the resulting environmental impacts.

  • Number of pages: 10
  • Size: 0.6 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 9: Method for assessment of impacts on the environment

This describes the procedures used in the environmental assessment and sets out the overall framework for environmental impact assessments.

  • Number of pages: 17
  • Size: 0.5 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 10: Existing environmental conditions

This describes the existing situations, which the project could potentially affect on Lolland, Fehmarn and the marine area during construction and operation.

  • Number of pages: 388
  • Size: 34 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 11: Environmental Impact Assessment of the immersed tunnel

This describes the introduction to the environmental assessment, including which factors the environmental assessment includes and a description of the data used.

  • Number of pages: 6
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 12: Environmental Impact Assessment – The marine area

This describes how the project could potentially affect the marine area and the scope of the environmental impact assessment.

  • Number of pages: 288
  • Size: 13.9 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 13: Environmental Impact Assessment – Lolland

This describes how the project could potentially affect the area around Rødbyhavn and the scope of the environmental impact is assessed.

  • Number of pages: 109
  • Size: 11.5 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 14: Environmental Impact Assessment – Fehmarn

This describes how the project could potentially affect the area on Fehmarn and the scope of the environmental impact is assessed

  • Number of pages: 72
  • Size: 7.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 15: Raw materials and waste

This describes the environmental impacts of the project's raw material consumption and disposal of waste arising from the construction and operation of the fixed link.

  • Number of pages: 8
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 16: Environmentally derived socio-economic effects

This describes the derived socio-economic effects as a result of the project's environmental impacts.

  • Number of pages: 9
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 17: Natura 2000

This describes and assesses the project's potential impact on Natura 2000 sites.

  • Number of pages: 142
  • Size: 5.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 18: Annex IV species

This describes the project's potential impact on the Habitats Directive Appendix IV species. The species are presented together in this chapter as they enjoy special protection throughout the project area.

  • Number of pages: 18
  • Size: 1.3 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 19: Climate impacts and Climate change

This describes the emission of greenhouse gases as a result of the project’s construction and operation. In addition, it describes whether the expected climate change gives cause for refining the project's impact on the environment.

  • Number of pages: 18
  • Size: 0.2 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 20: Cumulative impacts

This describes the likely and major cumulative impacts on the environment in conjunction with other planned projects.

  • Number of pages: 21
  • Size: 1.3 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 21: Impact Assessment in relation to the Water Framework Directive

This describes the potential impacts that the project may have on the achievement of the aquatic plans’ objectives.

  • Number of pages: 21
  • Size: 1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 22: Impact Assessment in relation to the Danish Marine Strategy

This describes the project in relation to the marine strategy environmental objectives.

  • Number of pages: 23
  • Size: 0.8 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 23: Decommissioning

This describes the environmental effects during de-construction.

  • Number of pages: 4
  • Size: 31 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 24: Sand Extraction at Kriegers Flak – Raw material mapping and VVM

This describes the raw material survey. The chapter presents a VVM of sand extraction at Krieger's Flak.

  • Number of pages: 47
  • Size: 2.5 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 25: Sand Extraction at Rønne Banke – Raw material mapping and VVM

This describes the raw material survey. The chapter provides a VVM of sand extraction at Rønne Banke.

  • Number of pages: 47
  • Size: 2.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 26: Water abstraction for project purposes

This describes the possibility for covering water consumption for the project by extraction of groundwater. This chapter provides an EIA of water catchment in to areas om Lolland.

  • Number of pages: 74
  • Size: 9.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 27: Transboundary impacts

This describes the evaluation of potential trans-boundary impacts across the border be-tween Denmark and Germany (the home countries) and between these countries and third party countries.

  • Number of pages: 31
  • Size: 0.5 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 28: Control and monitoring programme

This describes the framework and principles for a control and monitoring programme. It in-cludes how such a programme can be organised, conducted and reported as well as the focus areas that may be relevant.

  • Number of pages: 5
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 29: Deficiencies and lack of knowledge

This describes the possible gaps in knowledge, which may have an impact on the prepared EIA report.

  • Number of pages: 6
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Chapter 30: Involved parties and institutions

This sets out an overview of Femern A/S’ advisers as well as the authorities involved and research institutions.

  • Number of pages: 6
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Kapitel 31: Glossary

  • Number of pages: 7
  • Size: 0.1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Kapitel 32: Reference list

  • Number of pages: 18
  • Size: 0.2 MB
  • Language: Danish

VVM report (Complete report)

Here you can find the complete report of the VVM. Please be aware that the file has a size of 175 MB. Downloading this file can possibly slow down your internet connection. Make sure that you have enough capacity on your hard drive before downloading this file.

  • Number of pages: 1655
  • Size: 175 MB
  • Language: Danish

Visualization appendix

The visualization appendix comprises illustrations of how the area around Rødbyhavn and Puttgarden respectively are expected to change during and after the construction of the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link, including new land areas.

  • Number of pages: 76
  • Size: 91 MB
  • Language: Danish

Report on transboundary impacts

The report describes the cross border impacts of the coast-to-coast project. The report was prepared for the consultation of the Baltic Sea countries and Norway in accordance with the Espoo Convention.

  • Number of pages: 366
  • Size: 20.1 MB
  • Language: English

Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment (Summary)

  • Number of pages: 62
  • Size: 14 MB
  • Language: English

Grenzübergreifende Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung (Zusammenfassung)

  • Number of pages: 62
  • Size: 7.7 MB
  • Language: German

VALTIOIDEN RAJAT YLITTÄVIEN YMPÄRISTÖVAIKUTUSTEN ARVIOINTI (Yhteenveto)

  • Number of pages: 62
  • Size: 7.7 MB
  • Language: Finnish

TRANSGRANICZNA OCENA ODDZIAŁYWANIA NA RODOWISKO (Raport podsumowujący)

  • Number of pages: 62
  • Size: 7.7 MB
  • Language: Polish

GRÄNSÖVERSKRIDANDE MILJÖKONSEKVENSBESKRIVNING (Sammanfattning)

  • Number of pages: 62
  • Size: 7.7 MB
  • Language: Swedish

Background reports for the VVM report

Three types of reports written by independent environmental experts form the basis for the VVM.
1. Baseline reports (describing the existing environmental situation);
2. Impact Assessment reports (assessing the impacts of the fixed link);
3. Other reports (e.g. archaeological investigations, sandextraction etc.).

The Baseline and Assessment reports are structured around the following six topics:
1. Marine hydrography, seabed- and coastal morphology (FEHY-Consortium)
2. Marine biology - plankton, benthic flora and fauna (FEMA-Consortium)
3. Fish and Fisheries (FeBEC-Consortium)
4. Birds (FEBI-Consortium)
5. Marine mammals (FEMM-Consortium)
6. Danish land approach area on Lolland (COWI)

Baseline

Hydrography, Water Quality and Plankton of the Baltic Sea

The report outlines the hydrography (currents, salinity and tempera-ture, stratification) and the nutrients, oxygen and plankton conditions of the Baltic Sea. The physical and biogeochemical conditions are important for the assessment of impacts from the fixed link.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 210
  • Size: 10.7 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assesment

Baltic Sea Hydrography, Water Quality and Plankton

The primary pressures are temporary and permanent structures (e.g. work harbours, access channels, land reclamations and bridge structures), and the potential stop of ferry service. The degree of impairment on the Baltic Sea east of the Danish Straits has been assessed.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 123
  • Size: 7 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Hydrography of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The report relies on extensive monitoring of the hydrography and physical parameters by a number of fixed monitoring stations and regular surveys in the Fehmarnbelt area. Furthermore, 3D oceanographic simulations of flow and stratification (salinity and temperature depend-ent) were conducted and validated.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 230
  • Size: 25.9 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Hydrography of Fehmarnbelt Area

The two primary pressures for the local hydrography are temporary and permanent structures, e.g. work harbours, access channels, tunnel trench, land reclamations and bridge structures. The degree of impairment is analysed by means of 3D oceanographic models.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 117
  • Size: 6.9 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Water Quality and Plankton of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The current conditions of water quality, plankton and jellyfish in the Fehmarnbelt area are described based on frequent samplings as well as historical data and modelling of pelagic biology. In addition, the present bathing water quality is assessed.

FEMA/FEHY

  • Number of pages: 211
  • Size: 9.2 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Water Quality and Plankton of the Fehmarnbelt Area

Permanent pressures include changes in the hydrography and increase of hard substrates. Only suspended sediment was assessed to have impacts on the water quality. Impacts on plankton were assessed to be negligible or not existing.

FEMA/FEHY

  • Number of pages: 205
  • Size: 7.9 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Suspended sediment

The report is based on extensive turbidity measurements conducted as continuous time series in three fixed main-stations and 10 near-shore stations, including Rødsand Lagoon.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 85
  • Size: 7.9 MB
  • Language: English

Suspended sediment Appendix I

APPENDICES A-B-E-F-G-H-L

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 457
  • Size: 102 MB
  • Language: English

Suspended sediment Appendix II

APPENDICES C-D-I-J-K-M-N

FEHY (Projectdirector: Ian Sehested Hansen, DHI)

  • Number of pages: 81
  • Size: 11.7 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Sediment Spill during Construction of the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link

One of the primary project pressures is sediment spill through dredging and reclamation works. A realistic dredging and spill scenario is assessed for the project alternatives. The results are used as pressures in other part of the EIA.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 160
  • Size: 10.7 MB
  • Language: English

Sediment Spill during Construction of the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link Appendix I

Appendices A-B-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 97
  • Size: 11.9 MB
  • Language: English

Sediment Spill during Construction of the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link Appendix II

Appendices C-D-E-N-O-P

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 98
  • Size: 2.54 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Seabed Morphology of the Fehmarnbelt Area

Three main types of bed forms were found on the sea bed of the Fehmarnbelt: sand waves, lunate bed forms and other active bed forms. The mapping of the bed forms was based on a detailed multi beam echo sounding of the bathymetry in the Fehmarnbelt.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 129
  • Size: 11.7 MB
  • Language: English

Seabed Morphology of the Fehmarnbelt Area Appendix A

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 22
  • Size: 21.4 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Seabed Morphology of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The main project pressures are the removal of bed forms and sea bed by dredging activities, structures (reclamations, protection reefs and work harbours), access channel to the production facility on Lolland and the deposition of dredging spill. The impact simulations show that the sea bed is dynamic and that sediment spill is characterised as temporary impairment.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 152
  • Size: 9.3 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Seabed Chemistry of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The report describes the results of the sediment sampling and subsequent analysis for heavy metals, organic pollutants and nutrients. The potential release of nutrients and pollutants, as well as consumption of oxygen due to dredging are calculated and discussed.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 76
  • Size: 2.6 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Coastal Morphology along Fehmarn and Lolland

An in-depth analysis based on geological information, historical maps, bathymetrical surveys, volume data of maintenance dredging in and close to the harbours of Puttgarden and Rødby, wave measurements and numerical modelling tools.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 227
  • Size: 22.2 MB
  • Language: English

Coastal Morphology along Fehmarn and Lolland

APPENDICES A – H

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 77
  • Size: 16.5 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Coastal Morphology along Fehmarn and Lolland

The main pressures of the project alternatives on the coastal morphology of Lolland and Fehmarn are the permanent structures (reclamations and protection reefs). Estimated impacts are mainly increased erosion and accretion along beaches and unprotected sections of the coastline on the Lolland side. Nature protection areas and Natura 2000 areas are assigned very high importance; sand beaches on Lolland and Fehmarn are as-signed very high or high importance.

FEHY

  • Number of pages: 241
  • Size: 18 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Benthic Flora of the Fehmarnbelt Area

Based on extensive field studies biological parameters like coverage, biomass and species diversity were determined. Eight benthic vegetation communities were identified and mapped in the Fehmarnbelt area.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 157
  • Size: 9.4 MB
  • Language: English

APPENDICES

Benthic flora of the Fehmarnbelt Area

APPENDICES

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 97
  • Size: 6.7 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Benthic Flora of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The report presents a thorough assessment of the impacts from a fixed link across Fehmarnbelt on the benthic flora. Through a screening procedure of the potential impacts, ten potential pressures were identified. The communities that are expected to be most affected by construction of a fixed link are the Furcellaria community followed by the eelgrass community.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 298
  • Size: 11.8 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Benthic Fauna of the Fehmarnbelt Area

Through extensive monitoring and sampling at 327 different sampling stations, the biological parameters like abundance, biomass, species diversity and community structure have been determined. Special emphasis has been put on the blue mussels due to their key role in the coastal food web.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 189
  • Size: 10.2 MB
  • Language: English

Benthic fauna of the Fehmarnbelt Area

APPENDICES

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 76
  • Size: 3.7 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Benthic Fauna of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The report presents a thorough assessment of the impacts from a fixed link on the benthic fauna. Through a screening procedure of the potential impacts, nine pressures have been identified. The results of the impacts assessment showed that none of the impacts of the project alternatives were assessed to have significant impact on the benthic fauna.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 180
  • Size: 6.5 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Benthic Habitat Mapping of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The report contains a baseline survey of the extent and distribution of benthic habitats in the Fehmarnbelt. Sea-bed substrates and physical habitats were mapped in the greater Fehmarnbelt area. Overall, 62 benthic habitats were mapped.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 156
  • Size: 3.6 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Fish Ecology in Fehmarnbelt

The fish ecology surveys comprised a programme designed to catch fish eggs and larvae, monthly samplings, hydro-acoustic surveys and tagging experiments on migrating silver eel and spawning cod. In total 69 different fish species were registered during the mapping of fish communities in the Fehmarnbelt area.

FeBEC

  • Number of pages: 308
  • Size: 20.9 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Fish Ecology in Fehmarnbelt

The main pressures regarding fish are seabed reclamation, the hydrological regime, sediment spill, noise/vibration and indirect pressures caused by changes/impairments of fish habitats. The impacts of the construction of bridge and tunnel are minor or medium; for the operation phase they are with one exception minor. The impact of the foot-print of the bridge is “high” regarding four species. For the tunnel one species is highly impacted.

FeBEC

  • Number of pages: 256
  • Size: 11.9 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Commercial Fisheries in Fehmarnbelt

The report analyses a variety of sources on commercial fisheries, such as fleet and fishery statistics and interviews with fishermen. Bottom trawling makes up the highest contribution to the value of landings. Regarding catches in gillnets cod has by far the highest economic importance. Eel also has a considerable value for the pound net fisheries.

FeBEC

  • Number of pages: 269
  • Size: 16.8 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Commercial Fisheries in Fehmarnbelt

The main pressures for the commercial fisheries are seabed reclamation and structures, sediment spill, noise/ vibration, hydrographical regimes and other pressures potentially causing avoidance responses and loss of fish habitats. All impairments are minor, while the severity of loss from the footprint/structures of the project alternatives is “very high” with regards to pound net fisheries.

FeBEC

  • Number of pages: 183
  • Size: 5.8 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Recreational Fisheries in Fehmarnbelt

The baseline investigations regarding German and Danish recreational fisheries imply the characterisation of the coastal and offshore recreational fisheries, naming of the primary fish species of interest and their fishing seasons. Sea trout, cod, garfish and diverse flatfish species are the primary species of interest.

FeBEC

  • Number of pages: 59
  • Size: 6.1 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Bird Investigations in Fehmarnbelt, Baseline Investigations and Evaluation

Investigation of the seasonal abundance of birds in the Fehmarnbelt; their distribution within the area and available habitats and existing pressures by means of visual surveys, radar studies and individual tracking.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 97
  • Size: 3.3 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Birds of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The Impact Assessment on birds in marine areas was conducted separately for the environmental components breeding/non-breeding waterbirds and migrating birds. For each of these, the sensitivity and the magnitude of pressure were assessed and the degree of impairment deduced.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 550
  • Size: 7.7 MB
  • Language: English

Birds of the Fehmarnbelt Area Appendix

Appendix I Impact maps (non-breeding waterbirds)

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 46
  • Size: 5.5 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt

The report presents numbers and distribution of breeding and non-breeding waterbirds in the Fehmarnbelt based on different data sources and investigations. It describes occurrence, habitat utilisation, behaviour, and food choice during a part of their annual cycle.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 575
  • Size: 24.6 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix I

Description of oceanographic variables applied in the waterbird Data Analyses.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 27
  • Size: 3.1 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix II Part I

Maps of aerial transect surveys in 2008/2009

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 86
  • Size: 20.3 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix II Part II

Part II Maps of aerial transect surveys 2010

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 81
  • Size: 15.9 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix II Part III

Ship-based Surveys in 2008/2009

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 77
  • Size: 13.8 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix II Part IV

Ship-based Surveys in 2010

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 52
  • Size: 9 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix III

Diagnostics of species distribution models

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 65
  • Size: 6.7 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix IV

The breeding and non-breeding ranges of the waterbird population utilising the Fehmarnbelt

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 70
  • Size: 9.5 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix V

Raw data of FEBI survey and distance results

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 39
  • Size: 1.2 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix VI

Sensitivity testing of individual-based model (IBM) of Common Eiders wintering in the Fehmarnbelt

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 27
  • Size: 1 MB
  • Language: English

Waterbirds in Fehmarnbelt Appendix VII

Evaluation of seaduck satellite telemetry data: sample size and representativeness.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 14
  • Size: 1.3 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Bird Migration

The report presents data on 230 bird species migrating through the Fehmarnbelt. Assessments, using a number of observation methods, have been carried out regarding different species groups with particular migration patterns (migration over water, over land, during day- and night-time). Important pressures and impacts are assessed.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 361
  • Size: 12.5 MB
  • Language: English

Bird Migration Appendix

  • Number of pages: 387
  • Size: 9.6 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Birds in land approach-areas on Lolland and Fehmarn

The report studies the land habitats in the vicinity of the future land approach areas and their importance for breeding and staging birds. It analyses species composition and density of birds in relation to defined habitat types.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 119
  • Size: 8.2 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Bats of the Fehmarnbelt Area

By means of various shore and offshore based investigations (e.g. radar equipped vessels, personal surveys using detectors and recording bat calls) the occurrence of bats in the Fehmarnbelt area is assessed. The study proves that some species migrate across the Fehmarnbelt, though without using specific corridors.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 107
  • Size: 2.7 MB
  • Language: English

Impact Assessment

Bats of the Fehmarnbelt Area

The report assesses potential effects on bat migration related to construction, operation and structures of a fixed link. Three of the detected bat species were assessed in depth regarding relevant pressures like e.g. disturbance, collision, barrier effects, and habitat change.

FEBI

  • Number of pages: 73
  • Size: 2.5 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Marine Mammals Studies

Extensive baseline studies using visual and acoustic surveys as well as telemetry data investigated the distribution and abundance of harbour porpoises and seals. The Fehmarnbelt area could be identified as an area of medium importance for harbour porpoises all year round with subareas of high and even very high importance during summer.

FEMM

  • Number of pages: 491
  • Size: 22.7 MB
  • Language: English

Impact assessment

Marine Mammals Studies

Harbour porpoises and seals respond to pressures like noise, habitat loss and change, contaminants and barrier effects through the construction, operation and the structure itself. Their sensitivity is assessed on the basis of noise models as well as studies at existing bridges and in relation to their behaviour against other artificial structures in the sea.

FEMM

  • Number of pages: 276
  • Size: 14.5 MB
  • Language: English

Baseline

Det danske tilslutnings- og rampeanlæg for en fast Femern Bælt-forbindelse

The baseline investigations regarding Lolland encompass the existing conditions of the landscape and soil, flora and fauna, cultural heritage, water, air and climate, noise and vibrations, population and other subjects potentially affected by the project in the area of the ramp, the production facilities and the land reclamation areas.

COWI

  • Number of pages: 251
  • Size: 58.7 MB
  • Language: Danish

Impact Assessment

Det danske tilslutnings- og rampeanlæg for en fast Femern Bælt forbindelse

Assessment of the environmental impacts on Lolland’s landscape and soil, flora and fauna, cultural heritage, water, air and climate, noise and vibrations, population and other subjects, impacted by the project. Incorporated mitigation and compensation measures are described.

COWI

  • Number of pages: 530
  • Size: 22.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Other reports

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of Sand Extraction at Krieger’s Flak

Krieger’s Flak – located in the Baltic Sea, 30 km east of the island Møn is one of the designated areas to extract sand and gravel for construction and backfilling. The report assesses the environmental impact of extracting 6 mio. cubic metres sand in an area of 10 square kilometres.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 189
  • Size: 23.2 MB
  • Language: English

Other reports

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of Sand Extraction at Rønne Banke

1 mio. cubic metres of materials required for the tunnel element production is planned to be extracted from an area of 9 sqaure kilometres at Rønne Banke off the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea. The report assesses the environmental consequences in the potentially affected area.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 193
  • Size: 17.7 MB
  • Language: English

Other reports

Environmental Impact Assessment of a Bored Tunnel

The bored tunnel is a third alternative and differs from the immersed tunnel and the cable stayed bridge by causing less sediment spill and no barrier effects on the marine area. On land impacts are similar to the immersed tunnel. The bored tunnel has a very high power demand during construction and handling of slurry could be a challenge.

COWI

  • Number of pages: 794
  • Size: 35.5 MB
  • Language: English

Other reports

Lolland Reclamation Lagoons, Flushing and Water Quality

New coastal landscapes will be established using excavated soil from the tunnel trench. The report conducts an assessment of the new lagoons, which will be established east and west of Rødbyhavn. It analyses the water quality and whether the lagoons will develop as planned as recreational and nature elements.

FEMA/FEHY

  • Number of pages: 69
  • Size: 1.6 MB
  • Language: English

Other reports

Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory

The report compares the greenhouse gas emissions from the project alternatives with the emissions in the zero-alternative (continued ferry operation across the Fehmarnbelt without a fixed link). The level of the total GHG emissions is indicated and the main sources of GHG emissions identified.

COWI

  • Number of pages: 59
  • Size: 0.9 MB
  • Language: English

Other reports

Marinearkæologisk forundersøgelse af produktionsområde til tunnelelementer samt geofysiske anomalier omkring tunneltracé

The report deals with the explorations in the shallow waters in the area affected by the production site of the tunnel elements. It focusses on areas adjacent to outcropping tills at Syltholm which could have been attractive settlement areas in the stone age.

  • Number of pages: 94
  • Size: 5.3 MB
  • Language: Danish

Other reports

Marinarkæologisk forundersøgelse: Dykkerbesigtigelse af kystnære sonar-, magnetometer- og luftfotoanomalier i dansk farvand

The report deals with anomalies in the Danish shallow waters by means of studies of aerial photos, diver investigations and assessment of geophysical surveys.

  • Number of pages: 37
  • Size: 1.5 MB
  • Language: Danish

Other reports

Vandindvinding til Projektformål

The report presents the surveys that form the basis for the groundwater studies. The surveys include update of geological model and test pumping surveys. Furthermore the setup and initial runs with the hydrological model are described. The report also contains a Nature 2000 screening and the field results from mapping of nature conditions (flora and fauna).

RAT

  • Number of pages: 776
  • Size: 57.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Supplementary material

Supplementary material

Emissions for the ferry routes: 1) Rødby - Puttgarden, 2) Gedser - Rostock and 3) Trelleborg – Rostock

This report from 2010 was elaborated by Hans Otto Holmegaard Kristensen, consulting Naval Architect and senior researcher and quoted in the background report from COWI (2013): Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link, Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory, page 19

Hans Otto Holmegaard Kristensen

  • Number of pages: 9
  • Size: 0.3 MB
  • Language: English

Supplementary material

Fixed Link across the Fehmarn Belt – Effect on Emissions to Air

This report from 2005 was elaborated by COWI and quoted in the background report from COWI (2013): Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link, Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory, page 18.

Danish Ministry of Transport and Energy and German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing

  • Number of pages: 74
  • Size: 0.6 MB
  • Language: English

Supplementary material

Risk of TBT pollution of new recreational lagoons

This report from 2013 was prepared by FEMA. It assesses potential impacts of TBT-contamination on the planned recreational lagoons.

FEMA

  • Number of pages: 23
  • Size: 1 MB
  • Language: English

Supplementary idea phase

Discussion paper

This paper describes the plans for the establishment of land reclamation at Rødbyhavn and Puttgarden respectively, the location of production facilities at Rødbyhavn and raw material extraction.

  • Number of pages: 12
  • Size: 1 MB
  • Language: Danish

Information meeting on the Fehmarnbelt project on 12th October 2011

PowerPoint presentation used at the information meeting on 12 October 2011.

  • Number of pages: 39
  • Size: 5.4 MB
  • Language: Danish

Consultation responses

Danish consultation responses to the supplementary concept phase.

  • Number of pages: 66
  • Size: 10.42 MB
  • Language: Danish

Consultation note

The note contains comments on the Danish consultation responses that gave rise to remarks.

  • Number of pages: 13
  • Size: 0.16 MB
  • Language: Danish

Concept phase/VVM Scoping process

Scoping report

The Scoping report describes the framework for the content and scope of the environmental studies and the area for the studies in Denmark and Germany.

  • Number of pages: 183
  • Size: 3.8 MB
  • Language: Danish

Scoping report (Summary)

Summary of the proposal for environmental investigation program for the fixed link across Fehmarnbelt (coast-coast)

  • Number of pages: 11
  • Size: 0.5 MB
  • Language: German

Danish responses to the consultation

The Danish consultation response to the scoping report.

  • Number of pages: 34
  • Size: 4.4 MB
  • Language: English

Consultation memo

The memo contains comments on the Danish responses to the consultation that gave rise to remarks.

  • Number of pages: 18
  • Size: 0.2 MB
  • Language: Danish

Espoo comments

Hearing response to the Scoping report from Germany, Norway and the Baltic countries, which have been consulted in accordance with the Espoo Convention.

  • Number of pages: 63
  • Size: 11 MB
  • Language: Danish